Sometimes, the colour we choose for our hair does
not come out to be the same as it appears in the swatch book of
the company. It may be because
of the 'underlying colour pigment' of your hair that
plays a key role in the final outcome of
the hair colour. To determine that you get the
desired look, you need to identify
the colour of this pigment known as melanin in your
hair. Melanin is
generally of two types - Eumelanin
that is responsible of shades of brown and black in hair and Phaeomelanin
that is responsible for yellowish blonde tones of hair to ginger and red
colour hair. White and grey hairs are the result of absence of melanin
in hair. Tone of your hair colour can be warm or cool.
Red, orange and yellow are considered warm tones while blue,
green and violet are considered the cooler tones.
The colour level of hair usually depends on the saturation of the hair pigment or the degree of concentration of melanin in the hair.
The scale is graded as follows:
1 - Black 2 - Very Dark Brown 3 - Dark Brown 4 - Brown 5 - Medium Brown 6 - Light Brown 7 - Dark Blonde 8 - Light Blonde 9 - Very Light Blonde 10 - Light Platinum Blonde
The melanin is stored in alveoli cells found at the surface of the cortex of hair, which also determines the thickness, elasticity and strength of hair. If this surface is smooth and healthy, it reflects light to produce a soft sheen but can be damaged by various reasons such as strong developer or oxidizers, brushing and drying hair carelessly and perming the hair and using shampoos that are not hair-friendly. Heat is not good for hair too. Fine hair colours more easily and damaged than coarse hair as it has less and thinner cuticle layers.